Doing Business

With Hong Kong

Setting up
a Business in Hong Kong

Strategically located at the heart of Asia and with excellent connectivity, Hong Kong is a regional hub for trading and logistics, which account for 23.7% of its GDP (2022). Hong Kong ranked 6th among leading world traders in 2021, in value of US$ 670 billion, accounting for a 3% share in world trade (WTO's World Trade Statistical Review 2022).

A free port, Hong Kong does not levy any Customs tariff on imports or exports.

It is a separate customs territory and participates in the World Trade Organization as a full and separate member, using the name “Hong Kong, China”. Both English and Chinese are official languages.

More than 98% of companies in Hong Kong are Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs). Most are in the import/export trade and wholesale industries, followed by the professional and business services industry.

Merchandise Trade

In 2022, bilateral merchandise trade between Hong Kong and the EU amounted to US$67 billion.

Taken as a single entity, the European Union was Hong Kong’s 3rd largest trading partner in merchandise trade in the world in 2022. In turn, Hong Kong ranked 35th among the EU’s trading partners in the world and 11th in Asia.

Hong Kong’s top three merchandise trading partners among EU Member States in 2022 were Germany, The Netherlands and France.

Of the total merchandise trade between the EU and the Mainland of China in 2022, around 4.8% (US$43.3 billion) was routed through Hong Kong.

Trade in Services

In 2021, the EU taken as a single entity was Hong Kong's 3rd largest trading partner in the world, with the total services trade between Hong Kong and the EU amounting to US$15 billion, up 23% over 2020.

Business matching services

The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC) is a statutory body established to promote and develop Hong Kong’s trade. It organises international exhibitions, conferences and business missions to create business opportunities for companies, particularly SMEs, in the mainland and international markets.

The HKTDC provides business-matching services and can help you find goods, services and business partners in Hong Kong. Contact one of its 11 offices around Europe

Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA)

CEPA is the first free trade agreement ever concluded by the Mainland of China and Hong Kong. The main text of CEPA was signed on 29 June 2003.

CEPA opens up huge markets for Hong Kong goods and services, greatly enhancing the already close economic cooperation and integration between the Mainland and Hong Kong. Foreign companies established in Hong Kong can benefit from CEPA under the same conditions as Hong Kong companies.

CEPA adopts a building block approach, and the two sides have been working closely to introduce further liberalisation measures continually. The Agreement Concerning Amendment to the CEPA Agreement on Trade in Services implemented from 1 June 2020 introduces new liberalisation measures in a number of important service sectors. (See the video)

Trade information for European businesses

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows to Hong Kong grew by 4% to US$141 billion in 2021, making it the second highest recipient of FDI in Asia after mainland China, according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)'s World Investment Report 2022. Overall, mainland China ranked second in the world for FDI, and Hong Kong third, outranked only by the US.

Hong Kong’s reputation as one of the world’s most competitive economies is well established. The International Institute for Management Development (IMD) World Competitive Yearbook 2022 ranked Hong Kong 5th out of 63 economies.

Our advantages include a government supportive of business, a low, simple and competitive tax system, a multicultural talent pool, an open business environment and world class infrastructure, as well as strong intellectual property protection and Asia’s leading legal and dispute resolution services.

The total number of business operations in Hong Kong with parent companies overseas or in the Mainland was 8 978 in 2022 (1 411 operating as regional headquarters, 2 397 as regional offices and 5 170 as local offices).

The start-up community is highly international, with 25% of founders coming from outside Hong Kong, including 6.8% from France, 2.6% from Germany and 2.3% from Italy. Hong Kong remains attractive to the startups in a diverse range of industries. The “Fintech” sector retained its top spot, followed by “E-commerce/ supply chain management/ logistics technology”. The pandemic catalysed the popularity of specific sectors, which led to a healthy increase in the number of startups under “Education & learning”, “BioTech” and “Health & medical”. (InvestHK’s 2022 Startup Survey).

Setting up a business in Hong Kong is quick and simple

Every investor has a wide range of business vehicles to choose from when doing business in Hong Kong.

Invest Hong Kong (InvestHK) provides free, tailored and comprehensive inward investment support services for overseas enterprises, to help them establish or develop their presence in Hong Kong.

As your first port of call, please contact the Invest Hong Kong team in the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in this office, which stands ready to help:

Ms Paula KANT
Head Investment Promotion
Tel: (+32) (0)2 775 00 62

Mr Fernando de la CAL
Deputy Head Investment Promotion
Tel: (+ 32) (0)2 775 00 77

Senior Manager Investment Promotion
Tel: +32 (0)2 775 00 68

Ms Zipo LAI
Head of Family Office Europe
Tel: (+32)(0)2 775 00 75

Investment Promotion Assistant
Tel: (+32) (0)2 775 00 76

You may also contact our colleagues in other parts of the world


Belt & Road Initiative

The Belt and Road Initiative refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, an important national development strategy launched by China.

Its aim is to promote economic co-operation among countries and regions along the Belt and Road routes, where over 4.4 billion people live, accounting for 30% of global economic value.

Hong Kong is a key link and the prime platform for the Belt and Road Initiative. With the Central Government’s support, Hong Kong is able to capitalise on its unique advantages, including its position as a leading global capital-raising centre and offshore Renminbi hub, as well as its excellent professional services, to connect the Mainland with other Belt and Road regions.

Hong Kong is participating in six key areas: international project financing and investment; infrastructure and maritime services; economic and trade facilitation; people-to-people bonds; taking forward the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development; and enhancing collaboration in project interfacing and dispute resolution services.

The Belt and Road Initiative offers global businesses - from multinationals to small- and medium-sized enterprises - unparalleled opportunities to tap into new markets along the Belt and Road and gain deeper access to markets in the Mainland China, ASEAN, the Middle East, and Central and Eastern Europe. For developing and emerging economies in these areas, investment and trade accelerate development for the benefit of all.

Knowledgeable, experienced and well-connected, Hong Kong has a unique combination of advantages to partner with investors, intermediaries and project owners worldwide to take advantage of Belt and Road opportunities.

More information

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Guangdong - Hong Kong - Macao Bay Area Development

Listen to four leaders in different fields talk about Greater Bay Area Development and how Hong Kong’s unique advantages are helping enterprises and talents leverage the development opportunities of the Greater Bay Area.

  • Dr Allan Zeman, Chairman of Lan Kwai Fong Group
  • Dr Sunny Chai, Chairman of Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation
  • Mr Fred Lam Tin Fuk, Chief Executive Officer of Airport Authority Hong Kong
  • Mr Peter Wong Tung Shun, Chairman, The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited

Video: 5'29'' version

Video: 15-second version

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) is a vibrant city cluster with a population of over 86 million and a combined GDP of nearly US$ 2 trillion. The GBA comprises the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao, and nine cities in Guangdong Province (9+2). Its development potential is enormous.

The development of the GBA will fully make use of the composite advantages of the three places. It will facilitate in-depth integration within the region, and promote coordinated regional economic development, with a view to growing into an international first-class bay area ideal for living, working and travelling.

At 56 000 sq km, the GBA is larger in size than other world class bay areas such as the San Francisco Bay Area (18,000 sq km) and the Tokyo Bay Area (36,500 sq km).

The GBA has all it takes to become the international innovation and technology hub of China. The deepening collaboration among the cities in the GBA will enable them to leverage the synergies of the financial and professional services of Hong Kong, the vibrant tech business sector in Shenzhen, as well as the advanced manufacturing in other cities in Guangdong Province to make it the “Silicon Valley” of the region.

With direct links by road, rail and air, Hong Kong is ideally placed to play a significant role in GBA development, which will further enhance its status as an international hub for finance, logistics, trade and aviation. Hong Kong is also uniquely positioned to be a facilitator and a beneficiary of other important national development strategies such as the Belt and Road Initiative.